Gladiators, so named after the latin word "one who uses a sword", were professional fighters who filled stadiums throughout the Roman Empire, and enjoyed popularity to rival football today. However, that ancient "sport" knew no limits: a life-or-death conclusion was a crucial part of the performance, inadvertently providing mankind with the "thumbs up" and "thumbs down" symbols for success and failure.
Spartacus - the pen
310 silver fountain pens
310 silver roller
36 gold fountain pens
35 gold roller
At the cap top, each pen is crowned with an engraved and enamelled ornament, featureing a Roman imperial eagle.
The engravings that embellish the 18 Kt gold nib were inspired by scrollwotk from an ancient fresco, in turn embracing a pattern from gladiators' shield - as well as the engravings on the roller grip.
A more precious version has been realized with solid gold instead of sterling silver.
The pen is made in pearly blood-red resin, recalling the blood these fearless combatants shed for the Emperor.
Numbers of production symbolize the year (310 B.C.) when the earliest-known gladiatorial games were held, and 71 B.C. (36+35) that was the year of the rebellion leaded by Spartacus.